Combined DWT-DISB based image watermarking optimized for decision making problems

Ghassan N. Mohammed, Ahmed Abdul Hassan Al-Fatlawi, Ahmed Talal Kamil


Currently, the protection of digital information, especially in the form of multimedia information such as images, video, text, and audio. The digital nature of the multimedia data has made it prone to misuse and attack, such as is of duplication, transformation, modification, and diffusion. In this sense, it is significant to create a system for protecting the intellectual property rights of the multimedia content. The system should guarantee copyright protection, authentication, and protection against duplication of the material. The drastic development in network multimedia system has made the development of these protection systems challenging. Numerous researches have proposed the use of watermarking to address these issues. The watermarking technique obscures vital information in the original multimedia data in which the hidden data is utilized for copyright protection and authentication. The primary need for any watermarking system should be to guarantee robustness against imminent attack while retaining the quality of the watermark images. This research presents a robust image watermarking technique used to hide details of the RGB Color elements. The proposed approach is an integration of the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and the relatively new dual intermediate significant bit (DISB). The performance evaluation of the proposed approach produced quality watermarked images that are robust. The proposed method has a PSNR of 101.97 and an NCC of 0.9780 which compare considerable well with the individual techniques.


Discrete Wavelet Transform Robust DISB Digital Data Watermarking Imperceptibility

Full Text:



S. E. Kaur and P. Matharu, "Robust Image Watermarking Based on Dual Intermediate Significant Bit (DISB) Invariant to Rotation, Scaling and Translation," International Journal of Recent Research in Mathematics Computer Science and Information Technology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 51-57, 2016.

X. Cui, Y. Niu, X. Zheng, and Y. Han, "An optimized digital watermarking algorithm in wavelet domain based on differential evolution for color image," Plos One, vol. 13, no. 5, p. e0196306, 2018.

X. Zhou, H. Zhang and C. Wang, "A Robust Image Watermarking Technique Based on DWT, APDCBT, and SVD," Symmetry, vol. 10, no. 77, pp. 1-14, 2018.

P. Kaushik, "Digital Image Watermarking using BFO Optimized DWT and DCT," International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 57-61, 2014.

A. M. Zeki and A. A. Manaf, "A Novel Digital Watermarking Technique Based on ISB (Intermediate Significant Bit)," World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, no. 50, pp. 989-996, 2009.

R. K. Singh, D. K. Shaw and J. Sahoo, "A secure and robust block based DWT-SVD image watermarking approach," Journal of Information and Optimization Sciences, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 911-925, 2017.

D. G. Savakar and A. Ghuli, "Robust Invisible Digital Image Watermarking Using Hybrid Scheme," Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 44, no. 4, p. 3995–4008, 2019.

C.-C. Lai and C.-C. Tsai, "Digital Image Watermarking Using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Singular Value Decomposition," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 3060 - 3063, 2010.

H. Lala, "Digital Image Watermarking using Discrete Wavelet Transform," International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1682-1685, 2017.

M. Gupta, G. Parmar, R. Gupta, and M. Saraswat, "Discrete wavelet transform-based color image watermarking using uncorrelated color space and artificial bee colony," International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 364-380, 2015.

A. Sharifara, G. Bin Sulong, and M. R. Seraydashti, "Digital Image Watermarking Using Different Levels of Intermediate Significant Bits with Zig-zag Embedding Approach," International Journal of Image Processing, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 62-71, 2013.

A. U. Rahman, K. Sultan, D. Musleh, N. Aldhafferi, A. Alqahtani and M. Mahmud, "Robust and Fragile Medical Image Watermarking: A Joint Venture of Coding and Chaos Theories," Journal of Healthcare Engineering, vol. 2018, no. 8137436, pp. 1-11, 2018.

M. Haribabu, H. Bindu and V. K. Swamy, "A Secure & Invisible Image Watermarking Scheme Based on Wavelet Transform in HSI Color Space," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 93, pp. 462-468, 2016.

S. A. Parah, J. A. Sheikh, U. I. Assad, and G. M. Bhat, "Realisation and robustness evaluation of a blind spatial domain watermarking technique," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 659-672, 2017.

A. Abbasi and W. C. Seng, "Robust Image Watermarking Using Genetic Programming," Journal of Software and Systems Development, vol. 2012, pp. 1-9, 2012.

N. Sinha and S. Gupta, "Digital Image Watermarking in Special and Frequency Domain," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, vol. 9, no. 6, 2019.

Abdullah, A.S., Abed, M.A., and Barazanchi, I. Al, 2019. Improving face recognition by elman neural network using curvelet transform and HSI color space. Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 7 (2), pp.430–437.

B. Durakovic, "Design of Experiments Application, Concepts, Examples: State of the Art," Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Scinces, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 421‒439, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ghassan N. Mohammed, Ahmed Abdul Hassan Al-Fatlawi, Ahmed Talal Kamil

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License