CFD simulation model and experimental study to implement a new flowrate formula for a rounded broad crested weir considering the end depth as control section

Sadiq S. Muhsun, Shaymaa Abdul Muttaleb Al-Hashimi, Sanaa A. Talab Al-Osmy


Weirs can be considered as the major types of flow measurement structures which are implemented along open channels to represent a controlling section to estimate the quantity of flowrate. This study depended on considered the control section at the end edge of weir and relate the depth of water at this edge (Ye) as a function of the critical depth flow (Dc). Consequently, a laboratory study was conducted for ten experiments tests of open canal flow with ten different longitudinal slopes ranged from (0 to 0.0495) in order to estimate such a relationship. The statistical regression analysis results illustrated that the relationship for (Dc with Ye) for all experiments is about 1.45831 as an average. As consequence, a new formula for predicting flowrate over weir was derived. Different statistical indexes were used to investigate the precision of the suggested formula where it appeared a very good agreement with all experimental data. A commotional fluid dynamic simulated model CFD with volume of fluid (VOF) method and (k-ɛ) turbulent models was also applied to verify the formula using FLUENT ANSYS ver. 16. The results indicated that the CFD techniques are able to simulate the flow over the weir and satisfactory the results of the suggested formula with less than 10% percentage error for all experimental tests.

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Copyright (c) 2020 Sadiq S. Muhsun, Shaymaa Abdul Muttaleb Al-Hashimi, Sanaa A. Talab Al-Osmy

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ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License