Effect of Graphite Particles on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Nickel Matrix Composite

Hashim Sh. Hammood, Amjed S. Mahmood, Saif S. Irhayyim

Abstract


The composite materials have effective properties and characteristics for use in most modern and important applications such as space and transportation applications, especially in internal combustion engines as well as applications and marine industries. In this study, Nickel – 5 vol.% Zirconium dioxide composites with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 vol. % of graphite particles are prepared by powder metallurgy technique. The samples are pressed at 900 MPa for 1 min after mixing the hybrid composite powders for 15 min by using a mechanical mixer, followed by sintering at 1160 oC for 3 hours. The hybrid composites are characterized by using an optical microscope. The wear test under dry sliding conditions was performed under various loads of 5, 10, 15 and 20 Newton and at a fixed sliding distance of around 1810 m. It is found that increasing graphite content results decrease in bulk and apparent densities in contrast with total porosity, apparent porosity, and water absorption. Alternatively, the increasing volume fraction of graphite particles improves the micro-hardness, diametral compressive strength and wear resistance till an optimum value up to 4 %, then severely reduction is observed. Whereas the wear resistance decreased by increasing the applied loads for all reinforcement content. The results, in conclusion, reveal that the hybrid composites at 4 % graphite particles relatively have high mechanical and wear properties, and it could be considered a suitable because of high corrosion resistance in our daily life applications.

Keywords


Nickel matrix composite; Powder metallurgy; Physical properties; Microhardness; Wear test

Full Text:

PDF

References


F. M. Mahdi, R. N. Razooqi, and S. S. Irhayyim, “Effect of graphite content and milling time on physical properties of Copper-Graphite composites prepared by powder metallurgy route,” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 7, pp. 245–255, 2013.

A. Erkliğ, N. F. Doğan, and M. Bulut, “Charpy Impact Response of Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite with Nano Graphene Enhanced Epoxy,” Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 5, 2017.

Ö. Y. Bozkurt, Ö. Özbek, and A. R. Abdo, “The Effects of Nanosilica on Charpy Impact Behavior of Glass/Epoxy Fiber Reinforced Composite Laminates,” Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 5, 2017.

K. Almadhoni and S. Khan, “Evaluation of the Effective Thermal Properties of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced by Ceramic Particles,” International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, pp. 2884–2897, 2015.

R. Ganesh, R. Subbiah, and K. Chandrasekaran, “Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Powder Metallurgy Aluminium Matrix Composite,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 2, pp. 1441–1449, 2015.

Saif S. Irhayyim, “Effect of Graphite/WC Additions on Physical, Mechanical and Wear Properties of Aluminum,” Diyala journal of engineering sciences, vol. 4, pp. 72–86, 2017.

M. R. Akbarpour, S. Alipour, F. L. Azar, and F. S. Torknik, “Microstructure and Hardness of Al-SiC Nanocomposite Fabricated through Powder Metallurgy Method,” Indian Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 9, 2016.

O. I. Sekunowo, S. I. Durowaye, and G. I. Lawal, “Synthesis and characterisation of iron millscale particles reinforced ceramic matrix composite,” Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 2018.

A. Raturi, K. K. S. Mer, and P. K. Pant, “Synthesis and characterization of mechanical, tribological and micro structural behaviour of Al 7075 matrix reinforced with nano Al2O3 particles,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 4, pp. 2645–2658, 2017.

F. M. Mahdi, R. N. Razooqi, and S. S. Irhayyim, “The Influence of Graphite Content and Milling Time on Hardness, Compressive Strength and Wear Volume of Copper - Graphite Composites Prepared Via Powder Metallurgy,” Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 24, pp. 47–54, Sep. 2017.

S. Pradeep Devaneyan, R. Ganesh, and T. Senthilvelan, “On the Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Aluminium 7075 Matrix Composite Material Reinforced with SiC and TiC Produced by Powder Metallurgy Method,” Indian Journal of Materials Science, vol. 2017, 2017.

O. Inayatullah, “Condition Monitoring of the Uncoated Carbide Cutting Tool in Turning Process of the Aluminum Alloy 6061 via Vibration,” Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 5, 2017.

W. M. Daoush and O. A. Elkady, “Microstructure, physical properties and hardness of alumina short fibres/nickel matrix composites fabricated by powder technology,” Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 48, pp. 3735–3746, 2014.

B. K. A. Kumar, M. G. Ananthaprasad, and K. Gopala Krishna, “A Review on Corrosion Behavior of Nickel Matrix Composites,” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 342–346, 2015.

E. Akca, A. Gürsel, and G. Yıldız, “Effects of Cooling Rate on Strength and Microstructure of Powder Metallurgy Superalloys,” Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 5, 2017.

E. Omrani, A. D. Moghadam, P. L. Menezes, and P. K. Rohatgi, “Influences of graphite reinforcement on the tribological properties of self-lubricating aluminum matrix composites for green tribology, sustainability, and energy efficiency—a review,” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 83, pp. 325–346, 2016.

A. D. Moghadam, B. F. Schultz, J. B. Ferguson, E. Omrani, P. K. Rohatgi, and N. Gupta, “Functional metal matrix composites: Self-lubricating, self-healing, and nanocomposites-an outlook,” Jom, vol. 66, pp. 872–881, 2014.

S. Şahin, N. Yüksel, H. Durmuş, and S. G. Irizalp, “Wear behavior of Al/SiC/graphite and Al/FeB/graphite hybrid composites,” Materiali in Tehnologije, vol. 48, pp. 639–646, 2014.

H. S. Humood, “Effect of Pressing Pressure on properties of Copper–10% Graphite Composites Prepared by Powder Metallurgy Technique,” Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 24, pp. 28–34, 2017.

A. Standard, “C373-88. Standard test method for water absorption, bulk density, apparent porosity and apparent specific gravity of fired whiteware products,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006.

F. M. Mahdi, R. N. Razooqi, and S. S. Irhayyim, “Effect of Graphite Content and Milling Time on Physical Properties of Copper - Graphite Composites Prepared by Powder Metallurgy Route,” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 7, pp. 245–255, 2013.

S. S. Irhayyim, S. Ahmed, and A. A. Annaz, “Mechanical performance of micro-Cu and nano-Ag reinforced Al-CNT composite prepared by powder metallurgy technique,” Materials Research Express, vol. 6, p. 105071, Aug. 2019.

A. Standard, “G99-05. Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010.

H. R. Vitala, “Mechanical and Tribological Characterization Nitrided Al-7075/Al2O3 Metal Matrix Composites,” Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 64–70, 2018.

R. Dalmis, H. Cuvalci, A. Canakci, and O. Guler, “Investigation of graphite nano particle addition on the physical and mechanical properties of Za27 composites,” Advanced Composites Letters, vol. 25, p. 096369351602500202, 2016.

A. Zeren, “Effect of the graphite content on the tribological properties of hybrid Al/SiC/Gr composites processed by powder metallurgy,” Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 67, pp. 262–268, 2015.

P. Sundriyal and P. L. Sah, “Enhancement of Mechanical Properties of Graphite Particulate Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites by Magnesium Addition,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 4, pp. 9481–9486, 2017.

S. N. Prashant, M. Nagaral, and V. Auradi, “Preparation And Evaluation Of Mechanical And Wear Properties Of Al6061 Reinforced With Graphite And Sic Particulate Metal Matrix Composites,” International journal of mechanical engineering and robotics research, vol. 1, pp. 106–112, 2012.

P. Sharma, K. Paliwal, R. K. Garg, S. Sharma, and D. Khanduja, “A study on wear behaviour of Al/6101/graphite composites,” Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, vol. 5, pp. 42–48, 2017.

A. R. Ahmed, S. S. Irhayyim, and H. S. Hammood, “Effect of Yttrium Oxide Particles on the Mechanical Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 454, p. 012036, Dec. 2018.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/pen.v7i3.730

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Hashim Sh. Hammood, Amjed S. Mahmood, Saif S. Irhayyim

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License