Assessment of solar energy source distribution and potential in Zambia

Mabvuto Mwanza, Jamel Chakchak, Numan S Çetin, Koray Ülgen


Zambia is vastly endowed with a wide range of energy resources. Yet, to date, Zambia has not fully exploited its potential in solar energy utilisation for electricity generation due to various reasons such as lack of understanding of the distribution of solar energy potential in the country and limitation of access to solar energy resource information. This paper assess the solar energy distribution and potential in Zambia. Nine provinces with different geographical and climatic regions that makes up Zambia were assesed. The distribution of solar radiation within the country were assessed using spatial analysis in ArcGIS Software. The 22year period solar datasets were considered for assessment. These datasets were obtained from NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center using Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy. The analyzed results indicate that Zambia has approximately 20,442TWh/year technical solar energy potential and receives 2109.97kWh/m2 of solar energy per year with 4403.12hours of sunshine. The country has 186,121km2 available and suitable land area for RETs implementations. This study is important as it present an overview of the technical solar energy potential for Zambia which is vital for decision making, energy mix and sustainable deployment of solar energy technologies in the country


Solar energy potential, Zambia, Solar Radiation, renewable energy technology (RET), photovoltaic (PV)

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ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

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