Analysing and processing medical images with increased performance using fractal geometry

Maha Abdulameer Kadhim


The research relied on the application of a series of steps to analyze medical images, and to basically achieve this goal, a set of techniques were made from both fractal engineering and tissue analysis by improving the studied image and then analyzing the studied image texture in the fractal dimension and propose a hybrid method for segmenting images of complex situations and structures based on the geometric patterns that are repeated and represented by the fractal filter (Hurst), which is one of the modern techniques used in the field of digital image processing. Using fractal methods, that is, a specific application through real fractal structures of medical images and measuring their fractal dimensions and in capturing the exact features based on the scale in dimensional fractions, where the accuracy rate reached )98%( in diagnosing pathological conditions with an error rate close to zero. Also, the coefficients of multiple fractals were calculated (α) ,with a threshold factor of (4.5), the texture is also classified based on the fractal algorithm and Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrices (GLCM) and according to the experimental results performed on the medical images, the classification method provides a classification rate of 95%. To increase the accuracy, the lacunarity was calculated in the healthy medical images by applying fractal theorem filters where the gap ratio was close to (1) in the lacunarity size. The results also showed that the decrease in the contrast of the image with the continuation of the smoothing process or the decrease in the intensity levels of the image causes a significant decrease in the contrast of the image, especially in the areas of the edges.


lacunarity, medical images, filter, multifractal, texture, Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrices (GLCM)

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Copyright (c) 2022 Maha Abdulameer Kadhim

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License