Assessment of the liquefaction susceptibility of Al-Nasiriya city soil based on plasticity properties

Esraa A. Mandhour


The present paper is focused on using some of the geotechnical properties to assessment of liquefaction of Al-Nasiriya city soil. Four site have been selected along both sides of Euphrates river, The geotechnical properties were used to separate soils that may be classified as susceptible to liquefiable from those non liquefiable. The criteria which are used in this study included effect of plasticity, natural moisture content, clay content, and voids ratio on the liquefaction susceptibility of soil. This study shows that 91% of soil samples lie within cyclic mobility zone depending on plasticity chart while according to natural moisture content and clay content, 100% and 81% of soil samples were classified as non-liquefiable soils.


Al-Nasiriya Soil; Atterberg Limits; Clay Content: Liquefaction; Moisture Content; Plasticity Properties

Full Text:



S. A. Alsinawi, " Seismological Considerations of the Eastern Arab Region". Proc. Euro-Mediterranean Seminar on Natural Environmental and Technological Disasters, Algers. 2001.

M. Xiao, Geotechnical Engineering Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, United Kingdom, 2015.

H. B. Seed, and I. M. Idriss, "Simplified procedure for evaluating soil liquefaction potential". Journal of soil mechanics and foundations division, vol. 97, no. 9, p: 1249–1273, 1971.

H. B. Seed, "Soil liquefaction and cyclic mobility evaluation for level ground during Earthquakes". Journal of geotechnical engineering division, vol. 105, no.2, p: 201–255, 1979.

H. B. Seed; K. Tokimatsu; L. F Harder, R.M. Chung "The influence of SPT procedures in soil liquefaction resistance evaluations". Journal of geotechnical engineering, vol. 111, no. 12, p: 1425-1445, 1985.

I. M. Idriss; R. W. Boulanger, 2004. "Semi-empirical procedures for evaluating liquefaction potential during earthquakes". Proc., 11th Int. Conf. on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, and 3rd Int. Conf. on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, D. Dolin et al., eds., Stallion Press, Vol. 1: 32–56.

W.Wang, 1979. Some finding in soil liquefaction. Report water conservancy and hydroelectric power scientific research institute, Beijing china: 1-17.

H. B.Seed; I. M. Idriss; I. Arango, "Evaluation of liquefaction potential using field performance data". Journal of geotechnical engineering, vol. 109, no. 3, p: 458-482, 1983.

W. L. Finn; R.H. Ledbetter; G. Wu, "Liquefaction in silty soils: design and analysis ground failure under seismic conditions". Geotechnical special publication (ASCE), vol. 44, p: 51-76, 1994.

R J. P. Koeste, "The influence of fine type and content on cyclic resistance: ground failure under seismic conditions". Geotechnical special publication (ASCE), vol. 44, p: 17-33, 1994.

S. Prakash; V. K. Puri, "Recent advances in liquefaction of fine grained soils". Proceedings of fifth international conference on recent advances in geotechnical earthquake engineering and soil dynamics San Diego, USA, 2010.

A. Marto; C. S. Tan, "Short Review on liquefaction susceptibility". International Journal of Engineering Research and Application, vol. 2 no. 3, p: 2115-2119, 2012.

S. Z. Jassim,; J. C. Goff, "Geology of Iraq. Dolin, Prague and Moravian museum", Brno: vol. 341, no.14, 2012.

R. A. Mahmoud,; W. R Muttashar, "Classification of bearing strata at Nasiriyah city – Thi Qar governorate/southern Iraq and study of some of their geotechnical properties". University of Thi Qar journal, vol. 8 no. 1, p: 15, 2006.

S. A. Alsinawi, "The Prospects of Seismological Research in Iraq". Proceedings of the First Scientific Conference of the FSR, Baghdad:162-174, 1972.

T. Buday,1980. "The Regional Geology of Iraq. Vol.1: Stratigraphy and Paleogeography". In: I.I., Kassab and Jassim SZ (Eds.). GEOSURV, Baghdad: 445.

H. A. Darweesh,; A. M. Obed,; B. N. Albadran, "Structural study of basins configuration in Mesopotamian area". International journal of engineering and applied sciences, vol. 4, no. 9, p: 54-58, 2017.

S. F. A. Fouad,;, V. K. Sissakian "Tectonic and structural evolution of the Mesopotamia plain". Iraqi Bulletin of geology and mining. Vol. 5, no. 2, p:33-46, 2010.

ASTM D-422-63. Standard Test Method for Grain Size Analysis of Soil. 2004.

ASTM D-4318-00. Standard Test Method Plasticity Limits of Soil. 2004.

C. Polito, "Plasticity based liquefaction criteria". Fourth international conference on recent advances in geotechnical earthquake engineering and soil dynamics and symposium in honor of professor D. Liam Finn: 4", 2001.

A. Marto,; C.S. Tan,; A. M. Makhtar,; U. S. Wen,; L. M. Yen, "Effect of plasticity on liquefaction susceptibility of sand-fines mixtures". Applied mechanics and materials, vols. 773-774, no. 1407-1411, 2015. doi:10.4028/

ASTM D-2216-98. Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture Content of Soil). 2004

E. A. Mandhour Alfatlawi, "Swelling Potential and Mineralogy of Thi–Qar University Soil'. Journal of Thi-Qar University, vol.7, no.1, p: 1-15, 2011.

E. A. Mandhour Alfatlawi, N. K. Thabbah Al-Obaidy "Evaluation the Efficiency of Installing Stone Columns in Ground Improvement of Al-Nassiriya City Soil". Thi-Qar University Journal for Engineering Sciences, vol.2, no.3, p: 44-56, 2011.

E. A. Mandhour Alfatlawi, "Study of Some Geotechnical Properties of Selected Areas in Al- Nassiriya City(South of Iraq)". Journal of Thi-Qar Scienc, vol.3, no.1, p: 163-174, 2011.

E. A. Mandhour Alfatlawi, S. N. Al-Saadi, S. F. Ibrahim "Study of the Efficiency of Stone Columns in Soft Clay: Considering the Effect of Clay Minerals in Soil ". International Journal of Civil Engineering & Technology (IJCIET), vol.5, no.9, p: 241-251, 2014.

H. Ibrahim Demir, C. Erden, A. Hulusi Kökçam, O. Uygun " Concurrent solution of WATC scheduling with WPPW due date assignment for environmentally weighted customers, jobs and services using SA and its hybrid," Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Scinces, vol. 6, no. 2, p. 192‒200, 2018.

S. Kh. Zamim1, N. S. Faraj, I. A. Aidan, F. M. S. Al-Zwainy, M. A. AbdulQader, I. A. Mohammed, " Prediction of dust storms in construction projects using intelligent artificial neural network technology" Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1659-1666, 2019.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Esraa A. Mandhour

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License