Compression Properties of Woven Carpet Performance under Dynamic Loading

Deniz Vuruşkan, Esin Sarıoğlu, Halil İbrahim Çelik, Hatice Kübra Kaynak

Abstract


Although carpets are seen as decorative products for consumers, it is important that they must have optimum quality performance. The most important features affecting quality performance are pile fiber, pile yarn, pile height, pile density, carpet surface structure (cut pile or loop pile), carpet construction etc. During usage the carpet are exposed to a number of forces due to compressional loading such as dynamic or static. To counteract these forces, the resilience of pile yarn is vital. This paper demonstrates the influence of pile density and pile height of structure parameters on compression performance which was exposed to dynamic loading. In that respect, acrylic fiber was used as pile to manufacture Wilton face-to-face cut-pile carpets at two pile densities (2400 piles/dm2, 2880 piles/dm2) and three pile heights (7 mm, 11 mm and 16 mm). To determine the compression properties, carpets were subjected to dynamic loading at 50, 100, 200 and 1000 impacts. Thickness of carpets was taken at each of these four impacts. Finally, thickness loss of carpets as well as compression performance was detected. In order to identify the effect of pile density, pile height and number of impact on thickness loss of carpet after dynamic loading, analysis of variance was performed statistically. Results showed that pile height, pile density and number of impact have statistically significance on compression performance of carpet samples.

Keywords


Acrylic,Dynamic loading, Wilton woven carpet, Pile height, Pile denisty

Full Text:

PDF

References


Y. Korkmaz and S. Dalcı Kocer, “Resilience behaviors of woven acrylic carpets under short- and long-term static loading,” The Journal of the Textile Institute, vol.101, issue 3, pp. 236-241, 2010.

E. Koç, N. Çelik and M. Tekin, “An experimental study on thickness loss of Wilton-type carpets produced with different pile materials after prolonged heavy static loading: Part 1: Characteristic parameters and carpet behavior,” Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 13, issue 52, pp. 56–62, 2005.

N. Çelik and E. Koç, “An experimental study on thickness loss of Wilton type carpets produced with different pile materials after prolonged heavy static loading. Part 2: energy absorption and hysteresis effect,” Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol.15, issue 3(62), pp. 87-92, 2007.

M. Javidpanah, N.S. Shaikhzadeh and M. Dayiary, “Study on thickness loss of cut-pile carpet produced with heat process-modified polyester pile yarn. Part I: static loading,” The Journal of the Textile Institute, vol. 105, issue 12, pp. 1265-1271, 2014.

S.M. Ishtiaque, K. Sen and A. Kumar, “Influence of yarn structures; part A: on carpet compressional performance under static and dynamic conditions,” The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol. 106, issue 11, pp. 1190-1202, 2014.

S.A. Mirjalili and M. Sharzehee, “An investigation on the effect of static and dynamic loading on the physical characteristics of handmade Persian carpets: Part I – the effect of static loading,” The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol.96, issue 5, pp.287-293, 2005.

H. Sheikhi, N.S. Shaikhzadeh, S.M. Etrati and M.D. Bidgoly, “Effect of the acrylic fibre blend ratio on carpet pile yarn compression behavior,” Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 20, issue 4(93), pp.77-81, 2012.

H.İ. Çelik, “Effects of fiber linear density on acrylic carpet performance,” Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, vol.12, issue (1), pp.1-11, 2017.

M. Dayiary, N.S. Shaikhzadeh, M. Shamsi , “An experimental verification of cut-pile carpet compression behavior,” The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol.101, issue 6, pp. 488-494,2010.

N. Özdil, F. Bozdoğan, G. Özçelik Kayseri and G. Süpüren Mengü, “Compressibility and thickness recovery characteristics of carpets,” Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon, 3/2012, pp. 203-2011, 2014.

Ü.H. Erdoğan, “Effect of pile fiber cross section shape on compression properties of polypropylene carpets,” The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol.103, issue 12, pp. 1369-1375, 2012.

M. Javidpanah, N.S. Shaikhzadeh and M. Dayiary, “Study on thickness loss of cut-pile carpet produced with heat process modified polyester pile yarn. Part II: dynamic loading,” The Journal of the Textile Institute, vol. 106, issue 3, pp. 236-241, 2015.

N. Celik and E. Koc, “Study on the thickness loss of Wilton-type carpets under dynamic loading,” Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol.18, issue 1(78), pp. 54-59, 2010.

K. Dubinskaite, L.V. Langenhove and R. Milasius, “Influence of pile height and density on the end-use properties of carpets,” Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol.16, issue 3(68), pp. 47-50, 2008.

N. Çelik, H.K. Kaynak and Z. Değirmenci, “Performance properties of Wilton type carpets with relief texture effect produced using shrinkable, high bulk and relaxed acrylic pile yarns,” Association of Textile, Apparel and Material Professionals, pp. 43-47, September 2009.

Van De Wiele carpets weave structure catalogue.

D. Vuruşkan, “Carpet fiber mobility due to traffic wear,” Industria Textila (Accepted for publishing).

ISO 139:2005-Textiles. Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing.

http://www.wira.com/media/other/37656/WiraDynamicLoading.pdf (Available on 18.02.2017).

BS ISO 2094:1999 Textile floor coverings. Determination of thickness loss under dynamic loading.

ISO 1765:1986 Machine-made textile floor coverings. Determination of thickness.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/pen.v5i2.111

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences (PEN)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2303-4521

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.21533/pen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License